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Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation

The studies presented in this collection are related to the area of education in a very broad sense. They comprise experiments based on psychological, linguistic, and information science theories and models, which have been applied to both single individuals and samples.



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Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The purpose of the discussion in this article is to give an evolutionary background to a method developed for the analysis of language seen as expression of intention and morality. The method is named “Perspective Text Analysis”. This name indicates that beyond the physical dimension of a text there is a metaphysical one, which can be discovered by a formal mechanism. The cue component of this mechanism is the Agent, which controls the perspective of the text. It has developed as a...
Topics: language evolution, AaO-axiom, consciousness, language model, perspective control, Kantian schema,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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While there are a number of archaeological references to brewing of beer as early as 1200 BC, there are besides picturing drinking-horns, no references to early drinking customs. Fortunately, significant similarities among the Germanic tribes have been noted as early as about 100 AC which suggest commonalty in drinking as a formal ritual activity. Tacitus’ writing about beer drinking can be tested against the hypothesis of Charles Choi (2010) that ‘Beer Lubricated the Rise of...
Topics: Zeitgeist, beer drinking, Germanic rituals, customs, knowledge acquisition, transfer, civilization,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk, Inger Bierschenk, & Agneta Sternerup-Hansson,
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A user-oriented coding of knowledge, which is disseminated through titles to scientific work requires information systems,which build on cognitive models . A computer program with comments  to conceptual coding of titles is presented in this report. The cognitive model, which has governed the program development, is described briefly. The functioning of the program is illustrated with some computer outputs from a data base, which is representative of Swedish educational research . 
Topics: computer linguistics, program development, pattern generation, register, information, intermediate,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk &Jan Mattsson
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Modern behavioural research focuses on the possibility of a direct measurement of value preferences. These are conceived as important casual variables of behaviour. The article presents a method and a procedure for the measurement and representation of human value factors. By means of Perspective Text Analysis mental processes of workers from Sweden, England, West Germany, Italy and the United States were captured and topographically represented elsewhere. In this study, the mental processes...
Topics: axiology, Perspective Text Analysis, value types, Hartman, reference order, multinational company,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The rune stone at the church of Rök in Östergötland, Sweden (about 800), has been subject to interpretations and speculations ever since it was discovered in the early 1600s. The reason for the great interest it has among scholars in various fields is that it is regarded as the world's longest runic inscription and as the start of Swedish literary history. The interpretations of the meaning in the runes and the purpose of the carving have varied, partly due to the researcher's field and...
Topics: Rök, runestones, Viking Age, Old Norse, language technology, PTA-Vertex, text geometry, flow...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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The study of consciousness requires a language for exact and precise communication. This article presents a study of how workers in various cultural contexts value information of relevance to their job performance. The strategy of analysis applied differs radically from the classical approaches. Based on the concept of coordinative structure, functional linkages among textual Agents and Objectives provide for the emergence of mental phenomena. The experimental subjects were 35 randomly selected...
Topics: coordinative structures, functional linkages, open question analysis, cubic spaces, phase dependency
This is the second article on the competence theme, which aims at demonstrating the consequences of a new educational paradigm, namely materials-directedness. By this is meant the conceptual control of the built-in disparity of educational materials. By means of a new method for structural analysis (in a biological sense), it is shown how conceptual relations and dimensions of a literary text are laid bare. The demonstration text, which is a description of the idea of behaviourism, is analysed...
Topics: instructional materials, competence development, conceptual depth, fiction
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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In a number of preceding articles having appeared in this series it has been demonstrated that the AaO paradigm can be used to develop a cognitive helical structure. The present article advances the process to the forth of five phases. Of the four dependent variables emerging at this stage, two will be discussed, namely (1) zero processing and (2) variations in form. The other two will be presented in a forthcoming article. A short introduction gives some of the basics that govern the process....
Topics: AaO paradigm, design, helix, structure, semantics, lexicon, expansion, sphere, illusion, factor,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Effective communication is of crucial importance for the development of effective social organisations. Deficient communication combined with rapid technological and social changes appears to lead to both ecological and psychological imbalance. An increasing number of environmental groups are working for ecological improvements, but young people seem to find it increasingly difficult to master the task of developing an integrated personality. This shows itself in stress and an inability to...
Topics: behaviour patterns, behaviour change, television, simulation, teacher education, personality...
This work presents a longitudinal didactic experiment based on the idea that literature, especially fiction, can serve as a basis for developing competence. Of critical importance is the teacher’s knowledge of the variation of conceptual depth in teaching materials. Based on five empirically discovered degrees of difficulty in literary texts, examples of writers and novels suitable as teaching materials for each degree are discussed. Further, a three-year authentic program in the subject of...
Topics: competence, didactics, longitudinal, high school, training, Swedish, synthesis, literature, fiction
L ooking with a holistic perspective at a Bellman Song means considering a certain kind of energy investment. Lest its underlying cause can be established, it would be unlikely to detect changes that will affect the conceptual configuration of a song. A geometric point of view on magnitude and direction needs to be calculated and presented in the form of Potential Energy Surfaces (PES). Especially PES graphs are much more than just depictions of rhythms. Their unfolding is manifesting the...
Topics: bellman, song, energy investment, state attractions, poetry, AaO mechanisms, bi-componential...
The research projects SÖK and SIR had regular meetings during the academic year 1975-76. The author has summarised the discussions at the meetings with the aid of notes taken. The activities of the projects have been documented, both discussions of research as well as of practical nature. In this report are summarised the main subjects of discussion, the way in which the activities were distributed over the year, and how the activities of the group members have been reflected in the protocols....
Topics: teamwork, research process, policy, protocol data, micro-ecology
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract     The purpose of this chapter is to approach the concept of writing style in a new way. Style is defined in the cutting edge of ecological perception and physical biology, such that self-sensitivity and self-assembly are the leading concepts. Based on this definition it is stated that a method of analysis should be founded on non-linear dynamics. Consequently, a study of textual geometry is set up that is founded on the AaO-axiom. The materials used for the experiment has been an...
Topics: Historical time, Latin prose, Tacitus, textual resonance space, AaO axiom, language geometry, self...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The focus of this article is on the question whether pure literature can contribute to education. As a portion of modern literature study in Swedish upper secondary level, novels about the future were examined, especially some, which take a critical position toward modern civilisation. In an experiment using Perspective Text Analysis, a master text has shown the theoretically rooted dimensionality of "futurism" as a socially valid concept. 18 year-olds got the task to write about a...
Topics: surface concepts, structural concepts, futurism, civilisation novels
This report presents the psycholinguistic model underlying the development of a method for a computer-based content analysis, called ANACONDA. A program-flow diagram for the construction of concepts illustrates basic steps in the Semantic Differential Technique. Some metric properties of the scales applied are discussed. The empirical approach of scaling linguistic elements (adjectives and verbs), which are taken out of context, are described. The results of the scaling procedures are given...
Topics: scaling, Osgood, semantic differentials, regression, panel, similarity analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The major assumption made is that language as a natural system is both self-organising and self-referential. Compared to common syntactic-semantic approaches, the present approach is ecological and builds on the unambiguous identification of textual agents and agencies together with their objectives. Because information transaction cannot be studied without an emphasis on the text producerâs text building behaviour, his intended and oriented schematising as unitising activity has been focused...
Topics: AaO system, expression, proposition, text building, behaviour, agent, scale factor, operative...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This report presents a comprehensive description of the computing methods used for testing ANACONDA (Analysis of Concepts by Data processing). Of special importance is the program developed for identification of words in the text with words in the dictionary. In the form of an appendix some background information to the ANACONDA method is given.
Topics: computer language, program development, word identification, matching procedure
The concept of inference  is one of the global concepts used for the explanation of cognitive processes. There exist mainly two types of characterisation: the logical and the psychological. These different characterisations are based on the difference between inference and rule of inference. Information processing systems can be formalised as inferential systems, i.e. systems with inferential processes. The fundamental concepts of this formalisation, those of dynamical inferential systems and...
Topics: proposition, logical form, inference, time restriction
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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A scientific approach to Old Icelandic text means considering it as self-referential and self-organising system. This implies that strings of graphemes become patterned through their own internal driving forces. In treating the Gunnlaug Saga with the reversibly synthesizing Agent-action-Objective [AaO] mechanism, emerging space-time patterns allow for setting up phase-dependent transitions for the [A] and [O] components of the mechanism. Thereby, multi-stability is made evident through...
Topics: Dreams, mirroring, topology-changing transition, intention, orientation, resonance space,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article connects to the present day awareness of educators at all levels that the methods for measurement and testing of knowledge have to be reconsidered and modernised. For it is not the definition of knowledge that has changed since the 1968 student revolution; what has changed is how it is valued. Moreover, the general opinion among educators is that knowledge is the result of the student’s analytical ability. Therefore, the tasks of examination are mostly of the analytical kind....
Topics: teaching device, examination, criterion-related, degree, difficulty, aspiration level, conceptual...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This study concerns The Dwarf (Dvärgen) by Pär Lagerkvist. The author wanted to give his tribute to the Renaissance masters by letting the dwarf express his scorn and contempt for humanism. Further, Lagerkvist wanted to characterize the greatness and lowness of Man through the prince and his innate dwarf. It is a general conception that the prince character in this novel has retrieved properties from Machiavelli’s Prince. Thus, the research question is whether Lagerkvist, accordingly,...
Topics: duality, mentality, holophor, language space, perspective transformation, fiction, The Dwarf, Pär...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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 The Proof on Kant’s proposition on respect requires the processing of textual movement pattern as a holistic property. Since this involves a means for looking at Kant’s energy investment into movement cycles, a stepping function must be applied in the materialisation of strings of graphemes. In departing from the biophysical hypothesis that the Agent-action-Objective AaO-principle takes account of reversibly synthesizing rotary mechanisms, it is suggested that one or more A- and...
Topics: Kant, proof, AaO principle, energy surface, intention root, orientation root, necessity
Three approaches towards theory building in the behavioural science are described. It is pointed out that model construction requires general theoretical concepts, which are well defined. The presentation aims to clarify what is meant by the (1) association, (2) structure, and (3) process model. The models have been the starting point for the development of a simulator of interactive behaviour (SIR).
Topics: behavioural science models, principles, clarification, concepts
This report contains a summarised description of the experimental design, results and implications of separately published analyses. The aim of the investigation has been to study the effects of traditional tutoring and self-confrontation via closed circuit television and video-recording on student teachers' self-assessment In addition, the report contains recommendations for further research and for further analyses of already collected data.
Topics: teacher training, CCTV-experiment, microlessons, self-confrontation
In this investigation, the influence of self-confrontation on the behaviour while explaining reasoning problems is analysed with the aid of several parameters of verbal behaviour. The behavioural change of persons with the opportunity to come to an understanding of their own behaviour by means of video recordings is compared with the behavioural change of persons without self-confrontation. Moreover, the explanatory behaviour  in general and the change of the explanatory behaviour after...
Topics: self-confrontation, teacher training, kommunication, regression analysis, personality variables,...
The report describes the development of an interactive be­haviour simulator, anchored in theories of behavioural science. It is based on an interaction between teacher be­haviours and video-recorded pupil reactions.  After presen­tation of a number of investigations concerning simulation  in teacher training,  a short description is given of the de­velopment of a simulator (SIR). This version has been tested on a small number of student teachers . The results of the tests and reactions...
Topics: self-confronation, interactive behaviour, simulation, behaviour theories, real-time imaging
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The focus of the presentation is on the individual’s comprehension of “citizenship”. Study and analysis of citizenship concerns a person’s co-operative interaction with various physical and social surroundings as well as the cognitive integration of these surroundings. A person can achieve this integration through development of his abilities of judgement. Thus the aim is to make apparent the kinds of judgement that have been manifested on the basis of three different sequences of...
Topics: citizenship, projection, future, cognitive integration
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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 Abstract   Fundamental to the Oktoberfest is the provision that the deeply ingrained structural cores of the landscape can be taken into account. Through the explicitness of the functional state-termini relations, they have the capacity to enhance the relationship between motifs and themes. It follows that their causal determination can be treated as an efficient adaptation to the festival and transformational fitness. By building up its own dimensionality, the landscape has the capacity to...
Topics: Oktoberfest, Volksfest, AaO axiom, motif, theme, state attractors, toastmaster, affection,...
This report presents and motivates the theoretical frame of reference and choice of research strategies and methods in a project on research planning. It contains (1) a theoretical model and (2) empirical data concerning the initial phase of the research process. A model, based on principles of general systems theory and a psychology of information, is described and the design of an interview study and its realization is reported. Problems of data processing and data analysis are discussed. A...
Topics: research problems, structuring, perception evaluation, policy, descriptive statistics, general...
This report contains analyses of the results of student teachers' self-assessment and the assessment by pedagogical experts on videotaped protocol material. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlations. Further, the ANOVA has been carried out in three steps: Analysis of (1) structure of the F-tests, (2) precision and power and (3) post hoc analyses. Canonical correlations have been analysed with regard to (1) significant bi-variate relations, (2) the relations...
Topics: CCTV-experiment, assessments, educational experts, self-confrontation, contrast analysis, Anova,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
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The basic hypothesis of the presented contribution is that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce natural language expressions. The shape of the mind of a particular person can be discovered through the mechanisms forming the corresponding language space. Although covered by textual surface properties, this space is approachable with VERTEX which is a new version of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). Due to the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) axiom, it has been possible to...
Topics: functional text geometry, PTA/Vertex, text processiong, AaO model, algorithmic coding
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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An extension of the application of the Scanator to dizygotic (DZ) twin is the concern of the present study. Scanator is an extremely valuable tool in the functional analysis of qualitative stability in text building behaviour. Moreover, Scanator allows for a detailed investigation of subtle changes emerging in the structural relations of emergent novelties. One goal of the present study concerns a most rigorous power test of parameter operations in relation to corresponding model components. No...
Topics: MLT units, visual cliff, pictures, self-indication, conserved energy, viscosity, elasticity, schema...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Abstract   Any discussion of drinking must begin with the idea of fluidity inherent in liquid. The origin of drinking is arising out of ingesting water. However, it is not water in itself that is of import, instead, it is its precondition for health and life. In the study of the beer-drinking theme in the Germania of Tacitus, drinking rituals at the Symbel have played a fundamental role. Beer or ‘bior’ of the Norse is a component of import in various Germanic cultures. It has remained the...
Topics: Destiny, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, angular articulation, non-linear dynamics, comprehension,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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An early poem by Nobel laureate Tomas Tranströmer from the collection 17 poems (1954) was studied. With the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] model and the associated procedures of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/ Vertex), an approach is presented for discovering the interior of modern poetry. The study describes how the spoken side of the poetic language is interacting with its unspoken side to make known how the interrelated structures of energy flows and fusions are generated. Through the...
Topics: Swedish poetry, literary analysis, language geometry, topology, angular articulation, internal...
In contrast to traditional linguistic analysis, a model based on the empirical Agent is put forward and tested. A text is regarded as an intentionally produced cognitive process. The analysis has to take the Agent (perspective) into account in order for an adequate processing of its Objectives (viewpoints) to come about. Moreover, the model is surface-oriented and assumes the cognitive relevance of an utterance to be defined by the dynamics of the text production and not by artificial semantic...
Topics: multinational, industry, linguistic context, intention, AaO paradigm, integration, coherence
The significance of a citation of China’s Xi Jinping, incorporating Confucius’ sayings, resides not in its physical reality, but in core values, which imply the Agent [A] of the [AaO] formalism as the intentional force in a relationship to the Objective [O] and thus the idea of self-orientation. It follows that the intention of Xi needs to be mediated through an exchange of properties that are duty-bound with respect to self-cultivation, their family, community and society. Stated in terms...
Topics: Xi Jinping, Asian philosophy, Confucius, self-cultivation, energy landscapes, Family values, AaO...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The significance of real time imaging of string rotation and grapheme production resides not in the physical reality of a produced grapheme, but in the hypothetical fraction or share, related to a string of graphemes. It follows that common law evolution must mediate intention through an exchange of virtual properties within flow fields. Since a flow field itself is made up of rotating strings, grapheme displacement must respond to all deviations from uniformity in space and time. Stated in...
Topics: Roman law, civil law, jurisprudence, basic framework, legal system, historical importance, Latin...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract   There is a conviction among leading beer historians that Hildegard von Bingen introduced hops as additive in beer, although there exist several skeptical voices about it. The aim of this article is to give a contribution to the elucidation of some facts in this matter. Two texts were analyzed with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), which captures internal relationships in texts. The first analysis concerned the widely referred translation of chapter 61 about the hop plant in...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), text geometry, translation, Hildegard von Bingen, middle...
One of the most frequent mythical figures in the Old Icelandic sagas is the fylgja, which in animal shape tells its owner his destiny in a dream. In the Gunnlaug Saga Ormstungu the fylgja dream of Torstein plays a central role of marking the developments of the whole saga. The essence of a PTA/Vertex analysis of this dream has previously produced the integrated Gestalts of Impetus as the root of the intentional dimension and Virtue as the root of the orientational dimension. These are...
Topics: dreams, destiny, Gunnlaug Saga, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, angular articulation, non-linear...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This article attempts to prove that an adequate cognition oriented approach to the processing of symbolic information abstracted from verbal expressions must consider a running text instead of scattered sentences. It is argued that the dominant cognition models do not give due consideration to the fact that a valid abstraction of in-formation structures has to be based on an explicit encoding of intentionality and valuation. Following a critical discussion of the foundations of the existing...
Topics: cognitive model, assessment, symbolic information, dendrogram, discriminant function, multivariate...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Nicoletta Caramelli
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When in 1932 Bartlett first used the concept of âschemaâ borrowing it from Head, he intended to suggest a unitary structure whose elements interacted in a complex way. This structure, which aimed to insure the continuity of the cognising organism, was at the same time the expression of the functional principle responsible for the mutual interdependence between an organism, the human being, and its environment. Current research on cognitive processes very often refers to the very concept of...
Topics: cognition, schema, formalism, structure, organism, attunement
A main line of thought in modernistic prose concerns the authorsâ efforts of transforming scientific concepts into literary forms. Two scientific ideas can be discerned in 20th Century thinking, the structuralism in Europe and the functionalism in the USA. This paper presents two experiments. One discusses the behaviouristic writing style of Ernest Hemingway and formulates the hypothesis that, since he is a behaviourist in practice then he should be a functionalist in mind. The basis for this...
Topics: functionalism, behaviourism, writing style, articulation, unfolded space, folded space, test,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The purpose of the discussion in this introductory chapter is to give an evolutionary background to a method developed for the analysis of language seen as expression of intention and morality. The method is named “Perspective Text Analysis. This name indicates that beyond the physical dimension of a text there is a metaphysical one, which can be discovered by a formal mechanism. The fundamental component of this mechanism is the Agent, which controls the perspective of the text. It has...
Topics: cognition, AaO system, intention, morality, agent, control, mentality
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract    In our time there is a growing fear propagating in media that the newly elected president of the United States, Donald Trump, incarnates attributes and personality traits that will lead mankind toward an inexorable disaster. In order to understand the forces that took the  president to power, a public discussion of the Renaissance personality Machiavelli has been brought to the fore and with it the characteristics of leadership. Typical of the debate is an archaic linking of the...
Topics: Language geometry, topology, non-linear analysis, angular articulation, structural constraints,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Jytte Bang & Ole Elstrup Rasmussen
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On the basis of a dialogue between two students engaged in solving a problem, it is argued that the students differ in their problem-solving capabilities, that is, they reduce the complexity of the situation in different ways. It is also argued that the students do not exhibit the same form of competence. In other words, they make sense of the complex situation in different ways. Further, it is maintained that existing theories are able to explain different aspects of the problem-solving...
Topics: problem solving, learning, competence, control, achievement
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Truncated registers (completed in 1979) have been automatically generated from titles of the scientific documents (ca 1000) that were produced by 40 randomly selected researchers at educational institutions in Sweden during the period 1937-1977. The registers have been compiled from Swedish text materials. A main characteristic of this empirically generated thesaurus is the Problem-Method-Goal model assumed to be basic for an information searcher (user) as well as for the information producer....
Topics: computational linguistics, algorithmic coding, pattern generation, intermediate language, empirical...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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This report contains a summary of an interview study. The investigation has been carried out with the aim to explore the initial phase of the research process. According to a model, based on a theory of general systems, results are presented concerning the perception, structuring and definition of educational and psychological research problems. The results are summarised in accordance to the resources and constraints, which steer research planning.
Topics: research policy, system analysis, interview data, empirical research
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The report presents a descriptive study of the educational system in Sweden with special emphasis on the upper level of the comprehensive school. An attempt is made to survey the goals and the realisation of the goals in the practical school situation. Thereby, the focus has been directed upon the attempts being made to adapt the school to the demands of a quickly developing modern society.
Topics: school reform, descriptive study, comprehensive school, Sweden, comparative eduction, curriculum,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Barbara Marker
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This paper describes differences between the capacity of Swedish and Danish students to attain life quality. This was carried out by examining the level of competence in four different groups of Swedish and Danish students, and is based on the hypothesis that the possession of competence is a premise for the development of life quality. Competence means the ability to make sense in complex situations; more concretely it is the quality on the basis of which the individual activates his or her...
Topics: life quality (LQ), competence, adaptation, model society, factor analysis, ANOVA
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Abstract   The Proof on Kant’s proposition on respect requires the processing of textual movement pattern as a holistic property. Since this involves a means for looking at Kant’s energy investment into movement cycles, a stepping function must be applied in the materialisation of strings of graphemes. In departing from the biophysical hypothesis that the Agent-action-Objective AaO principle takes account of reversibly synthesizing rotary mechanisms, it is suggested that one or more...
Topics: Kant, proof, AaO-principle, energy surfaces, intention, orientation, root, necessity
The focus of the study dealt with in the present article is on a longitudinal approach to the perception and judgement of differently founded model-societies. The reported design covers a period of 15 years and is stressing the fact that the participation of apparent dissimilar groups has made possible true experimentation as well as the validation of the approach. Study and analysis concerns the educational program, developed and commercially produced by the Biological Science Curriculum Study...
Topics: Longitudinal study, Latin square design, model society, Swedish model, paradigm of Affinity,...
This article is advancing the bio-kinematic and demonstrates that the discovered mechanism can capture emergent "AaO" units and track their growth in complexity. It is demonstrated that the textual morphogenesis is generating corresponding informational invariants. On the basis of the translation function, it is made evident that the sequential textual translation of English to Swedish and Swedish to Italian is producing the condition for an effective control of the AaO's within a...
Topics: pertex, vertex, evolution, language dynamics, translation, adaptive landscape, structural distance,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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The concept of agent is introduced into a psychological analysis of natural language. The agent component has a steering func¬tion in the development of a perspective throughout a text. This is shown by an experiment with the series of pictures from the Visual Cliff studies. The pictures have been used to examine individual differences in the perception of ecologically significant information. Through a numerical analysis perceptual syndromes have been demonstrated.
Topics: agent concept, numerical analysis, individual differences, symbolic integration, textual...
This article presents a study of the metaphor as instrument for the direct perception of events. Its major hypothesis refers to the event structure embedded in the ground of a metaphor. Since the ground is implicit in the linguistic manifestation, an invariant representation of textual movement patterns is assumed to capture the event structure. Experimentally, it is demonstrated that an event is perceivable only through structure. To capture the event means to conserve its structure. As a...
Topics: simile, unfolding, event structure, metaphoric ground, comprehension, concept, symmetry,...
This report is a fifth bibliographic account of literature concerning television as a technical aid in education and in educational and psychological research and contains materials published during the period 1971 to 1974. The references are classified according to 8 main categories, each having 4 subdivisions. The bibliography contains references, which are a result of computer search in the files of ERIC, ISI and SSCI. Dissertation Abstracts International and research literature available...
Topics: microteaching, television, computer search, technical aids
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The aim of this article is to make a distinction between qualification and competence. Although academic institutions, organisations, companies, and schools are focussing upon competence development as the natural answer to new technical and societal demands, no one has succeeded in providing a satisfactory operational definition of 'competence'. A dictionary search has shown that different areas of science and humanities conceive of competence from an analytical point of view, which, in fact,...
Topics: competence, educational goal, educational context, materials, examination
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Development into a high technology society implies both the enjoyment of tangible benefits and the discomfort of rising costs as regards the ecological pollution and the degradation of the quality of life. This brings forth the need for an assessment of the consequences for every-day life. This article focuses on the need for an assessment of oneâs own possibility to live in various feasible environmental settings. These have been projected by means of a Behaviour model, a Humanist model, and...
Topics: projections, societies, Swedish model, Humanist model, Behavior model, Growth model, paradigm,...
Within a research project on computer-based content analysis empirically specified content of nouns is assumed to come about through weighted verbs and adjectives  connected with the nouns. Based on this assumption noun clusters have been established. This study tries to find out a method for measuring the function of adverbs within the adjectival structure. It is namely possible that the weight of the respective adjectives could change in connection with modifiers in such a degree that the...
Topics: psycholinguistics, psychometrics, cluster analysis, modifiers, content analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article is a discussion of the possibility of changing the view of knowledge producing activities toward a competence directed education. After presentation of the traditional behaviouristic model and its consequences when applied on teaching, a new concept of competence is suggested, which differs from the concept of qualification. An important part of the article deals with the evaluation as an idea and a method for quality control. It is shown that evaluation of teacher effectiveness is...
Topics: competence, quality, materials directedness, evaluation research
This document is a working paper aimed at discussing the prerequisites for an experiment in larger scale on information in scientific titles. It contains hypotheses regarding researchersâ structuring of their titles and proposes a model for recognition of structured information based on the Problem-Method-Goal paradigm, whose cue pointers are prepositions. On this basis, criteria for selecting titles for the experiment are proposed together with a presentation of the primary linguistic...
Topics: computational linguistics, algorithmic coding, pattern generation, intermediate language, empirical...
This report is part of a project on content analysis and deals with dictionary construction as basis for statistical analyses of interviews. The generation of lexical data bases consisting of nouns, adjectives and verbs is described and results from experimentation on authentic materials are accounted for. Dictionaries of scaled base forms of adjectives and verbs are compared with truncated items. The purpose is to obtain a perfect match, so that the results can be assigned a scale value for...
Topics: content analysis, dictionary, data processing, information retrieval
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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An entirely new approach to the study of text building behaviour is possible through the application of Scanator. The present article consists of a demonstration of some of its fundamental functions. These are suitable in a study of text building. The basic concepts, expressed through an analysis of a small part of an interview text, derive from a thermodynamic treatment of text building. Through Scanator, a number of qualitatively distinctive phases at the kinetic level of processing are made...
Topics: viscosity, elasticity, AaO machine, natural group, kinetic process, kinematic level, pressure,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Practicable methods for a thorough, reliable and valid analysis of content are fundamental for the behavioural scientist who is working with sets of verbal data. This report presents principles and methodological suggestions of data collections and data analyses. Problems of reliability and validity are discussed in connection with given examples. Methods and techniques for computer-based content analyses are also introduced. Finally some international trends in the methodological development...
Topics: concept, formation, psycho-linguistics, scaling, description, statistics, regression, verbal data
Two kinds of perspectives governing the provision and preservation of knowledge, a universal and an ecological, are discussed in the present article. In the first case, scientific observations are represented through a semantic interpretation of facts. This is illustrated with a series of experiments on semantic feature perception in the recall of pictures that were described by descriptor terms. In the second case, scientific observations are conceived as part of a constitutive context....
Topics: document-event involvement, AaO-paradigm, thesaurus, vocabulary, recall, semantic features,...
This report presents the psycholinguistic model underlying the development of a method for a computer-based content analysis, called ANACONDA. A program-flow diagram for the construction of concepts illustrates basic steps in the Semantic Differential Technique. Some metric properties of the scales applied are discussed. The empirical approach of scaling linguistic elements (adjectives and verbs), which are taken out of context, are described. The results of the scaling procedures are given...
Topics: content analysis, Osgood, semantic differentials, discriminant functions, similarity analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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Since the 1960's there has been increasing understanding and cooperation between the religious and the political spheres in Sweden, notably between the Church of Sweden and the Social-democratic Party. Both have been occupied with issues outside their traditional national and confessional boundaries. The question is whether and to what extent this has resulted in a “civil religion of the Swedish society ” which unites the Church and secular politics in their striving for justice and peace...
Topics: cognition, AaO system, religion, politics, ideology, strategy
This report describes the development and application of the idea of microteaching in research and education. It presents a cybernetic model for a systematic and controlled study of the way in which the individual makes use of different feedback devices for self-control and self-direction. The model is applied in an examination of an extremely comprehensive collection of research literature. The result of the investigation is studied with regard to its significance for a person's ability to...
Topics: cybernetic model, microsettings, experiments, teacher education
Since the reception of Tacitus in Europe, Germania was seen as a useful text for the interpretation of political events. Six modern translations into the (1) Swedish, (2) Danish, (3) English, (4) German, (5) French and (6) Italian languages have been made the foundation for the establishment of structures that are, with respect to the original Latin text, distinct and differently contextualized. Hence, the translators need to attune their writings in agreement with a predetermined (internal)...
Topics: European mentality, perspectivation, reception literature, AaO formalism, global trend, inside...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The article is meant to contribute to the longitudinal project ‘Shapes of mind: Textual embodiment and thermodynamic description’ of cognitive processes, which is of import for the development of societies as well as international relations. Introduced is a quote of Heisenberg on the formation of ‘the united states of Europe’ which cannot be considered without putting Russian’s Empire into perspective. To achieve a structural approach to its mental prerequisites, the [AaO] formalism...
Topics: Empire, Russia, England, NATO, mentality, Treaty, Europe, AaO-formula, energy surface, hubris,...
This report describes the method of approach used in an analysis of the dimensionality of interview texts. By means of cluster analysis models, the interview materials have been agglomerated. On the basis of these results the relation pattern has then been studied by means of a discriminant analysis. In the final discussion the results are related to (1) the psycholinguistic model and (2) the model of the research process, which have guided this research.
Topics: content analysis, scaling, cluster, discriminant analysis, semantic differentials
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This thematic overview presents some studies on the validation and verification of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). The first section, containing the validation part, provides evidence for the hypothesis about the capacity of PTA to reflect specificity of ecologically specified observations in text production. The following section presents verification studies within various contexts and focuses on individual prerequisites and constraints that are at work when a person is put in a situation in...
Topics: validation, study, laboratory, context, verification, longitudinal, experiment, learning
This report contains (1) a discussion of general methodological problems in content analyses, (2) a description of the applied content analysis technique, (3) an estimation of the agreement of judges in determining and extracting the basic units of the analysis and (4) an estimation of the coder agreement in coding these units. The coding rules and the preliminary version of the category system are given in appendices.
Topics: verbal data, coder agreement, classification, instructions, coding system
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The short formulation of the Swedish Academy when it announced the award of the Nobel Prize to Tomas Tranströmer has been analysed with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/ Vertex), which is founded on the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] model. Through the mirroring technique, the Intention, governed by the [A] component, was extracted from the Orientation, governed by the [O] component. This measure showed that the most essential concept in the Academy text was found to be Boundary . Based on this...
Topics: : Swedish poetry, literary analysis, language geometry, AaO formalism, non-linear analysis, angular...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
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Résumé L’essence de ce rapport est basée sur l’axiome (AaO) proposé par Kant. La version Vertex de la méthode PTA (Analyse de la Perspective du Texte) représente une approche alternative quand il s’agit d’études basées sur des textes. Le système Vertex comprend un mesurage objectif des angles de texte, qui sont utilisés pour une description non-linéaire du flux textuel, qui forme un espace dynamique. Le noyau de Vertex est introduit au moyen d’instructions à une procédure...
Topics: functional text geometry, perspective text analysis (PTA), Kantian AaO-axiom, language space, flow...
New types of information- and documentation systems are developed in most countries of the world. Several types of information have been available, but in spite of highly advanced techniques, no programs are yet handling multi-lingual information. This report presents a program, which separates titles of research documents automatically. The search program is based on the matching of specific cues in six languages, which coincide with patterns in the titles. It is shown that the English...
Topics: computational linguistics, computerbased lexicology, scientific information, language separation,...